The web development industry is very dynamic.
Trends, technologies, tools and principles which were widely accepted and praised by the community are nowhere to be seen in recent years.
These trends had their good days and now most of them are out of the dark.
Now, there are new principles in place making web development faster, secure, affordable, easily maintainable and more productive.
These principles help in developing websites having all essential elements to address the needs of current and future users.
The growth of an online business depends on the kind of response it receives from users.
So, in order to enhance the browsing experience and to provide new useful features, it is important to work with the latest technologies.
It is important to adopt these fruitful changes.
It is the understanding of these principles that helps web developers in aligning their skills and web development practices with the modern web app development.
Sticking with these principles helps in adding complicated features to a website without having any impact on its performance and user experience.
Those who have been in the industry for years have witnessed many immense changes. Web development methodologies are changed.
Tools have changed. The most of the changes are prompted by the explosive growth of the smartphone technology.
However, one thing that has remained unchanged is the importance of offering the best user experience.
Excellent user experience was, is and will always be the primary goal.
No doubt there are several other web development aspects demanding a significant attention of developers such as adopting new technologies, identifying and resolving bugs, defects and other issues, meeting the requirements and developing a website before the client starts complaining.
The user should get hero’s welcome and the best usability experience.
The attractive web design, easy navigation, attractive buttons, UI and everything else on the website is there for the user.
The user should get enhanced experience on devices of all sizes.
User’s data is being sold and purchased.
Data is being used (to learn preferences of the user and provide better services) and misused (for getting a political or business advantage).
Internet users are taking data protection very seriously.
So, developers should make sure that the user’s data and all other business assets should be out of the sight of the prying eyes of hackers.
There are several website vulnerabilities hackers can easily exploit such as broken authentication and session management, SQL injection, insecure cryptographic storage, cross-site scripting etc.
The website they are developing should be immune to cyber threats by using top-notch security features.
Using The Latest Tools
There was a time when developers had very limited options in terms of technology and websites were developed using single programming language.
There were no IDEs, no libraries and no API integrations.
However, the industry has changed now.
Multiple programming languages are used to develop secure and high-performance websites.
A developer is required to have excellent skills in several programming languages, scripting languages, responsive design, latest architecture, principles of UX, frameworks and a lot more.
Clients want to have more and very useful features on their websites.
A developer has to be equipped with essential skills and able to use the latest tools to develop complex features the client desires.
IDEs, frameworks and other modern tools offer a reliable helping hand in quick development and delivery of the app.
And, developers achieve this with minimum challenges and no compromise on functionality, performance and security.
While working with smart IDEs, developers have to write less code and they also get the ability to reuse code which saves a lot of time.
Cloud skills are in demand these days and also very important.
Building For All Screen Sizes
Desktops and laptops are usually used by professionals only.
There is a huge segment of the internet users that prefers small and lightweight devices such as smartphones and tablets.
So, the user is going to access the website on all devices.
Even when the user is viewing a website on handheld devices, he should not be deprived of the browsing experience and any of the website features.
The website should be compatible with screens of all sizes.
Scalability, flexibility, security and maintenance of a web app greatly depend on its architecture.
Architecture should be selected with the future growth of the website in mind.
The architecture actually serves the purpose of a blueprint for the current and the future development of the app.
It also plays an important role in defining the important functionalities of the web application such as:
- Transferring persistent data through HTTP while making sure that it should be understood by client side and server side code
- Validation of data before sending HTTP request
- Implementing strict authentication for users
- Granting access according to the permissions
- Planning database for creating relationships and retrieving data from multiple tables
- Creating, updating and deleting records
Component-based development approach is the best practice for developing flexible, reliable, modular and well-organized web applications.
This approach also makes it easy to write optimized code and take care of code redundancy.
Service-Oriented architecture and single page application are the recent web development trends.
The service-oriented architecture treats a web app as a collection of services.
The code for a web application exists as services each having its own HTTP API.
Sometimes multiple services coordinate.
This architecture makes use of web services for connectivity between services.
Asynchronous and synchronous requests are performed using WebSockets or AJAX without constant page reloads.
Speed is one of the important factors on which the success of a website depends.
An internet user pays attention hardly for a few seconds.
The user actually scans a website before reading the content.
Therefore, the website should quickly seize the attention of the user.
Moreover, the developers should deliver an optimized website that can handle a huge amount of data with no effect on the performance and security.
Page load time is one of the important factors Google considers while ranking.